Biological soap solution is the easiest and most used method of repelling unwanted pests and does not harm good bugs.
Attracts and traps gnats, fruit flies, moths and whiteflies and breaks the breeding cycle
Neem Oil (Azadirachta indica) recommended solution mix used to combat adult pests on leaves and larvae in the soil. Care must be taken not to spray on walls and furniture.
Hydrogen peroxide 3%
1:4 ratio water for soil drenching and 1;2 for spraying mould control. For foliage spray use 25ml:1 cup water
A natural pesticide (found in chrysanthemums) and toxic to most bugs and larvae. Spray lightly the leaves and top of soil.
Methylated spirits or rubbing alcohol
Mix 250ml to 1lt with water, 3ml green soap in a spray bottle.
Contains bacteria that destroys gnats and larvae by sprinkling on the surface before watering.
Predatory Lady bugs
Advisable to buy commercially sustainable ladybugs rather than Asian ladybugs that are harvested from the wild. Ladybug names: adalia bipunctata & coleomegilla mauculata. Asian ladybug (harmonia axyridis and Hippodamia convergens) should not be used in Europe. Shower your plant completely, place your plant in quarantine and release the ladybugs at night onto the plant. Release or store your lady bugs in a bug box in a cool dark place and feed them with raisins soaked in water. They live up to one year.
Predatory mites for spider mites
Orius Laevigatus (pirate bug), Phytosieulus persimilis, Phytoseiulus Persimilis, Amblyline cu, Anderline aa, Galendromus occidentails. These mites are carnivorous and will feed on the spider mites their, lavea and eggs then move off the plant or starve.
Predatory mites for thrips
Ladybug, green lacewing or Orius Laevigatus (pirate bug) that eat adults, lava and eggs.
Predatory Nematodes for fungus gnats
(microscopic worms) which are good for all unwanted Diptera insects that breed in soils. Not to be used with hydrogen peroxide.